Perched at an area of over 2,400sqkm of pristine plains, woodlands and bush land, the Bale Mountains National Park is home to a multitude of unique flora and fauna which are endemic either to the park or to the country. Mountain Nyala, Semien fox and Ethiopian wolfs are some of the endemic animals. The park is dominated by Tullu Deemtu - the second highest peak in Ethiopia at 4,377m above sea level.
At lower altitude, the forest is home to different species: lion, leopards, spotted hyenas, African hunting dogs and many others. There are also 16 endemic bird species in the Bale Mountains National Park. The park has some of the most accessible walking areas in the country from which it is easy to see several endemic and common species up close.
Bale Mountains National Park gives the visitor opportunities for unsurpassed mountain hiking, horse trekking, scenic driving and the chances to view many of Ethiopia's endemic mammals, in particular the Mountain Nyala and Semien Fox, and birds, such as the thick-billed raven, Wattled Ibis, blue-winged goose, and Rouget's Rail.
The Bale Mountains are excellent for hiking, birding and nature walks. The park covers the largest area higher than 3,000m above sea level in Africa. The park includes an Afroalpine plateau over 3,500m above sea level, which is the largest area of Afroalpine habitat on the African continent, as well as a major section of moist tropical forest, the second largest in Ethiopia.
Bale Mountains National Park is an area of high altitude plateau that is broken by numerous spectacular volcanic plugs and peaks, beautiful alpine lakes and rushing mountain streams that descend into deep rocky gorges on their way to the lowlands below. As you ascend into the mountains you will experience changes in the vegetation with altitude, from juniper forests to heather moorlands and alpine meadows, which at various times of year exhibit an abundance of colorful wildflowers.